- Susanna and the elders
- The story of Susanna and the elders stems from the Apocrypha. Susanna was the wife of a wealthy Jew from Babylon. One day, as she was taking a bath in her garden, two elderly men who lusted after her surprised her and forced her to submit to their sexual advances. As she rejected them, they accused her of having committed adultery for which the penalty was death. At the trial, Daniel separated the elders and exposed the contradictions of their testimony, clearing Susanna's reputation. The story had been a favored subject in art since the Early Christian era when it appeared in Roman catacombs, with Daniel's restoration of Susanna's reputation as the scene usually depicted. In the Renaissance, artists transformed the religious theme of vindication into an erotic, voyeuristic scene. In these works, Susanna is shown bathing in the nude and the two elders hide behind bushes to watch her. Examples of this type are Tintoretto's version of c. 1555-1556 (Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum), Ludovico Carracci's of 1616 (London, National Gallery), and Anthony van Dyck's of 1621-1622 (Munich, Altepinakothek). Artemisia Gentileschi's version of c. 1610 (Pommersfelden, Graf von Schoenborn Collection) still shows the nude female, but now harassed by the men. Albrecht Altdorfer (1526; Munich, Alte Pinakothek) saw the theme as an opportunity to demonstrate his skills in rendering the landscape. His fully clothed Susanna is being watched by the elders as her feet are washed—the scene a mere incidental event unfolding in the vast idyllic setting. The transgression does not go unpunished as on the right the men are stoned to death.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
SUSANNA AND THE ELDERS — SUSANNA AND THE ELDERS, apocryphal work added to the canonical Book of Daniel in ancient versions. In several uncial Greek manuscripts (B A Q), the Old Latin, and the Bohairic, Susanna precedes chapter 1; its traditional position, however, in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SONG OF THE THREE CHILDREN AND THE PRAYER OF AZARIAH — SONG OF THE THREE CHILDREN AND THE PRAYER OF AZARIAH, an apocryphal addition to the ancient versions (Greek, Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Ethiopic, Armenian, Arabic) of the canonical text of the Book of Daniel, inserted between 3:23 and 3:24. The… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Susanna im Bade — von Lorenzo Lotto, 1517 … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Conspiracy of Claudius Civilis — (central fragment) Artist Rembrandt Year 1662 Type Oil Dimensions 196 cm × 309 cm (77 in × 122 in) … Wikipedia
The Storm on the Sea of Galilee — Artist Rembrandt Year 1633 Type Oil on canvas Dimensions 16 … Wikipedia
Susanna — f New Testament form (Luke 8: 3) of the Hebrew name Shoshana (from shoshan lily, in modern Hebrew also ‘rose’). The name is also spelled Susannah, a transliteration used in the Old Testament. The tale of Susannah, wife of Joachim, and the elders… … First names dictionary
The Lamb (in Early Christian Symbolism) — The Lamb (in Early Christian Symbolism) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Lamb (in Early Christian Symbolism) One of the few Christian symbols dating from the first century is that of the Good Shepherd carrying on His shoulders a lamb or… … Catholic encyclopedia
Susanna, book of — An addition to Daniel written just before 100 BCE in Hebrew or Aramaic but only known in the LXX version. It is regarded as deutero canonical scripture by Catholics and attached to Daniel as ch. 13 (so NJB). By Protestants the book is placed in… … Dictionary of the Bible
SUSANNA, THE HISTORY OF — a story in the Apocrypha, evidently conceived to glorify Daniel as a judge, and which appears to have been originally written by a Jew in Greek. She had been accused of adultery by two of the elders and condemned to death, but was acquitted on … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Syndics of the Drapers' Guild — The Sampling Officials Dutch: De Staalmeesters Artist Rembrandt Year 1662 Type … Wikipedia